Although carbohydrates are not considered essential nutrients in cat diets, and are often mistaken as “filler” ingredients, they are important in providing a readily available, highly digestible, source of energy. This energy can help fuel your furry friend’s laps around the house.
What Are Carbohydrates?
Carbohydrates are an important category of ingredients which contain fibre, starches, and any essential nutrients. Along with proteins and fats, carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients that make up your pet’s diet. During digestion, carbohydrates are broken down to glucose, the preferred source of energy for certain body cells, tissues, and organs.
Why Are Carbohydrates Important?
Carbohydrates are not considered essential nutrients in the diets of cats and are often considered “filler” ingredients. However, carbohydrates perform many important functions in cats. Since carbohydrates are a highly digestible and readily available source of energy, more of the protein from your cat’s diet can be used for producing and maintaining body tissue, rather than energy production.
Types of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates can be classified as simple or complex. The chemical structure and how quickly the body can digest it, determines whether the carbohydrate is considered complex or simple. Complex carbohydrates are important sources of essential nutrients. Because they are more complex, it takes longer for the body to break them down and therefore they are less likely to cause quick spikes in blood sugar. Simple carbohydrates are easily digested and absorbed, contributing to the energy density.
Carbohydrates in Cat Food
All cat foods contain a balance of the three macronutrients: fats, proteins, and carbohydrates. Decreasing the amount of carbohydrate in a food will increase the fat and/or protein content. As a result, including carbohydrates in pet foods provides more flexibility to create recipes with different nutrient values. This could be useful when formulating diets for pets requiring specific mineral levels due to a health condition, or for animals requiring less fat or protein in the diet.
Dietary fibre is a unique type of carbohydrate that cannot be digested by a cat’s enzymes. However, just because it can’t be broken down and absorbed doesn’t it mean it doesn’t have many potential benefits.
Just like in humans, fibre can help with weight management and digestive health.
The carbohydrate content of a diet, specifically the starch content, helps determine the shape, density, and texture of the kibble. Mouth feel and structure of food play a major role in determining the palatability of a kibble, which is extremely important, especially for our picky cats.
Grains are a common source of complex carbohydrates in cat foods.
Examples of grains include:
There are also many great non-grain, complex carbohydrate sources for your cat.
Non-grain carbohydrate sources include:
- Pulses (peas, lentils, beans, chickpeas)
- Sweet potatoes
If you are interested in providing your cat with a healthy grain-filled diet, our Go! Solutions Skin + Coat Care recipes maybe a purr-fect option!
So, the next time you are playing with your cat, think about all the carbohydrates providing them with ENERGY!